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Fumasep E-620-PE(K)

  • 产品代码:15220203
  • 产品描述:Fumasep E-620-PE(K) Cation Exchange Membrane
  • 品牌:FuMA-Tech
  • 货期:1天
  • 浏览次数:
  • 咨询电话:+86 130-0303-8751
  • 关键词:Fumasep E-620-PE(K) Cation Exchange Membrane, 阳离子交换膜, 科学材料站, SCI Materials Hub


1. General

Membrane type: Cation-exchange membrane – PE-reinforced – thickness 20 μm, with very low resistance, high selectivity and high stability in pH acidic and basic environment.

2. Application

Electrochemical applications, e.g. capacitive deionisation and others.

3. Delivery

The membrane is the slightly opaque foil, delivered on a backing layer (colorless rigid PET foil). Carefully separate the membrane from the backing layer.

4. Handling and Storage

Keep membrane package closed / sealed when unused. Store, handle and process the membrane in a clean and dust-free area. Use only new and sharp knives or blades, when cutting the membrane. Always wear protective gloves when handling the membrane. Handle with care, be sure not to puncture, crease or scratch the membrane, otherwise leaks will occur. All surfaces which may get into contact with the membrane during inspection, storage, pretreatment and mounting must be free of sharp edges or angles.

Dry form: Storage for long time scale (> 12 month) may be done in dry state (sealed container). Wet form: Storage for short and medium time scale (hours up to several weeks) may be done in unsealed containers in 0.5 – 1.5 wt% NaCl solution or comparable neutral pH electrolytes. For storage over a longer time period a sealed container is recommended using afore said electrolyte with additional biozide to avoid biological fouling.

5. Pretreatment

The membrane is supplied in K-form and dry state, stabilized with polyethylene glycol (PEG) as protection for embrittlement, which can be easily removed by soaking in DI water (before or after assembling). If additional cleaning is required rinse the membrane in either the application solution or deionized water according to the application requirement. Do not let the membrane dry out since micro-cracks may likely occur during shrinkage. Membranes will expand and contract based on water / electrolyte content.

6. Welcome to cite our materials in your papers

Fumasep E-620-PE(K), a PE-reinforced cation exchange membrane (CEM), was obtained from SCI Materials Hub.

If you have any concerns about storage, chemical stability, and pretreatment please feel free to contact us for further information.


fumasep E-620-PE (K) Technical Data Sheet.pdf

Membrane Properties - Fumasep E-620-PE(K)
Membrane TypeCation Exchange Membrane
AppearanceSlightly opaque
Backing FoilPET foil (white)
ReinforcementMicroporous PE
Counter IonK form
Delivery FormDry
Thickness (dry)15 - 25 μm
Weight per unit area (dry)22 - 30 g m2
Area resistance in Na+ form< 2.0 Ω cm2
Selectivity 0.1 / 0.5 mol/kg KCl at T = 25 °C> 97%
Dimensional swelling in H2O at T = 25 °C< 2%
Young’s modulus at 23 °C / 50 % r.h.> 500 MPa
Tensile strength at 23 °C / 50 % r.h.> 10 MPa
Elongation at break at 23 °C / 50 % r.h.> 20%
Burst test in water at T = 25 °C> 2.5 bar
pH stability range at 25 °C0 - 14
Operational temperature range15 - 40 °C
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Fumasep E-620-PE 阳离子交换膜




Fumasep E-620-PE Cation Exchange Membrane


¥598 (10CM*10CM,货号:15220203-1010)

¥2398 (20CM*30CM,货号:15220203-2030)



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Partial references citing our materials (from Google Scholar)


1. ACS Nano Strain Relaxation in Metal Alloy Catalysts Steers the Product Selectivity of Electrocatalytic CO2 Reduction

The bipolar membrane (Fumasep FBM) in this paper was purchased from SCI Materials Hub, which was used in rechargeable Zn-CO2 battery tests. The authors reported a strain relaxation strategy to determine lattice strains in bimetal MNi alloys (M = Pd, Ag, and Au) and realized an outstanding CO2-to-CO Faradaic efficiency of 96.6% with outstanding activity and durability toward a Zn-CO2 battery.

2. Front. Chem. Boosting Electrochemical Carbon Dioxide Reduction on Atomically Dispersed Nickel Catalyst

In this paper, Vulcan XC-72R was purchased from SCI Materials Hub. Vulcan XC 72R carbon is the most common catalyst support used in the anode and cathode electrodes of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFC), Direct Methanol Fuel Cells (DMFC), Alkaline Fuel Cells (AFC), Microbial Fuel Cells (MFC), Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells (PAFC), and many more!

3. Adv. Mater. Partially Nitrided Ni Nanoclusters Achieve Energy-Efficient Electrocatalytic CO2 Reduction to CO at Ultralow Overpotential

An AEM membrane (Sustainion X37-50 Grade RT), purchased from SCI Materials Hub) was activated in 1 M KOH for 24 h, washed with ultra-purity water prior to use.

4. Adv. Funct. Mater. Nanoconfined Molecular Catalysts in Integrated Gas Diffusion Electrodes for High-Current-Density CO2 Electroreduction

In this paper (Supporting Information), an anion exchanged membrane (Fumasep FAB-PK-130 obtained from SCI Materials Hub (www.scimaterials.cn)) was used to separate the catholyte and anolyte chambers.

SCI Materials Hub: we also recommend our Fumasep FAB-PK-75 for the use in a flow cell.

5. Appl. Catal. B Efficient utilization of nickel single atoms for CO2 electroreduction by constructing 3D interconnected nitrogen-doped carbon tube network

In this paper, the Nafion 117 membrane was obtained from SCI Materials Hub.

6. Vacuum Modulable Cu(0)/Cu(I)/Cu(II) sites of Cu/C catalysts derived from MOF for highly selective CO2 electroreduction to hydrocarbons

In this paper, Proton exchange membrane (Nafion 117), Nafion D520, and Toray 060 carbon paper were purchased from SCI Materials Hub.

7. National Science Review Confinement of ionomer for electrocatalytic CO2 reduction reaction via efficient mass transfer pathways

An anion exchange membrane (PiperION-A15-HCO3) was obtained from SCI Materials Hub.

8. Catalysis Communications Facilitating CO2 electroreduction to C2H4 through facile regulating {100} & {111} grain boundary of Cu2O

Carbon paper (TGPH060), membrane solution (Nafion D520), and ionic membrane (Nafion N117) were obtained from Wuhu Eryi Material Technology Co., Ltd (a company under SCI Materials Hub).

9. Advanced Energy Materials Interatomic Electronegativity Offset Dictates Selectivity When Catalyzing the CO2 Reduction Reaction

The bipolar membrane (Fumasep FBM), carbon paper (SIGRACET 29BC, Freudenberg paper H23C2), ion exchange membrane (Nafion N117), and anion exchange membrane (Fumasep, FAA-3-PK-130) were all obtained from SCI Materials Hub.

10. Separation and Purification Technology *CO spillover induced by bimetallic xZnO@yCuO active centers for enhancing C–C coupling over electrochemical CO2 reduction

5 % Nafion solution was obtained through SCI Materials Hub.

11. National Science Review Confinement of ionomer for electrocatalytic CO2 reduction reaction via efficient mass transfer pathways

In this paper, PiperION-A5-HCO3 anion exchange resin, Fumion FAA anion exchange resin, PiperION-A15-HCO3 and FAA-3-50 were purchased from SCI Materials Hub.

12. Vacuum Controllable dual Cu–Cu2O sites derived from CuxAl-LDH for CO2 electroreduction to hydrocarbons

Nafion and carbon paper (TGPH060) were supplied through SCI Materials Hub.

13. Chemical Engineering Journal Coupling electrocatalytic CO2 reduction with glucose oxidation for concurrent production of formate with high efficiency

An AEM membrane (PiperION, purchased from SCI Materials Hub) was activated in 1 M KOH for 24 h, washed with ultra-purity water prior to use.

14. Chem Identification of Cu0/Cu+/Cu0 interface as superior active sites for CO2 electroreduction to C2+ in neutral condition

In this paper, Sustainion X37-50 Grade RT membrane and the MEA electrolyzer (CRRMEA1a, Figure S34) with 1cm2 active area were obtained from SCI Materials Hub.

15. Surfaces and Interfaces Modulating surface microenvironment based on Ag-adorned CuO flower-liked nanospheres for strengthening C-‍C coupling during CO2RR

5 wt.% of Nafion solution, and N115 proton exchange membrane were procured with the help of SCI Materials Hub

16. ACS Appl. Energy Mater. Nanoporous Bismuth Induced by Surfactant-Modified Dealloying for Efficient Electrocatalytic Reduction of CO2 to Formic Acid

The anion exchange membrane (AEM, PiperION A20) and cation exchange membrane (CEM, Nafion 117) were obtained from SCI Materials Hub.

17. Adv. Energy Mater. Tailoring Microenvironments and In Situ Transformations of Cu Catalysts for Selective and Stable Electrosynthesis of Multicarbon Products

For GDE-based CO₂ electrolysis, the MEA reactor (CRRMEA5a, Sci-Materials Hub) consists of a titanium anode plate and a cathode plate with flow fields, along with insulating gaskets, integrated into a compression cell. The geometric area of each flow field is 5 cm² An anion exchange membrane (PiperION, A40-HCO3, Versogen) was used to separate the anode and the cathode.

18. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering Evaluation of electromethanogenesis in a microbial electrolysis cell using nylon cloth as a separator: reactor performance and metagenomic analysis

A commercial Nafion PEM (SCI Materials Hub) was used as the control to compare the electromethanogenesis performance.


1. J. Mater. Chem. A Blocking polysulfides with a Janus Fe3C/N-CNF@RGO electrode via physiochemical confinement and catalytic conversion for high-performance lithium–sulfur batteries

Graphene oxide (GO) in this paper was obtained from SCI Materials Hub. The authors introduced a Janus Fe3C/N-CNF@RGO electrode consisting of 1D Fe3C decorated N-doped carbon nanofibers (Fe3C/N-CNFs) side and 2D reduced graphene oxide (RGO) side as the free-standing carrier of Li2S6 catholyte to improve the overall electrochemical performance of Li-S batteries.

2. Joule A high-voltage and stable zinc-air battery enabled by dual-hydrophobic-induced proton shuttle shielding

This paper used more than 10 kinds of materials from SCI Materials Hub and the authors gave detailed properity comparsion.

The commercial IEMs of Fumasep FAB-PK-130 and Nafion N117 were obtained from SCI Materials Hub.

Gas diffusion layers of GDL340 (CeTech) and SGL39BC (Sigracet) and Nafion dispersion (Nafion D520) were obtained from SCI Materials Hub.

Zn foil (100 mm thickness) and Zn powder were obtained from the SCI Materials Hub.

Commercial 20% Pt/C, 40% Pt/C and IrO2 catalysts were also obtained from SCI Materials Hub.

3. Journal of Energy Chemistry Vanadium oxide nanospheres encapsulated in N-doped carbon nanofibers with morphology and defect dual-engineering toward advanced aqueous zinc-ion batteries

In this paper, carbon cloth (W0S1011) was obtained from SCI Materials Hub. The flexible carbon cloth matrix guaranteed the stabilization of the electrode and improved the conductivity of the cathode.

4. Energy Storage Materials Defect-abundant commercializable 3D carbon papers for fabricating composite Li anode with high loading and long life

The 3D carbon paper (TGPH060 raw paper) were purchased from SCI Materials Hub.

5. Nanomaterials A Stable Rechargeable Aqueous Zn–Air Battery Enabled by Heterogeneous MoS2 Cathode Catalysts

Nafion D520 (5 wt%), and carbon paper (GDL340) were received from SCI-Materials-Hub.

6. SSRN An Axially Directed Cobalt-Phthalocyanine Covalent Organic Polymer as High-Efficient Bifunctional Catalyst for Zn-Air Battery

Carbon cloth (W0S1011) and other electrochemical consumables required for air cathode were provided by SCI Materials Hub.

7. SSRN Cr-induced improvement of structural stability of δ-MnO2 optimizes cycling stability of aqueous Zn-ion batteries

The Zn sheet (99.99%) was purchased from SCI Materials Hub.

8. Nature Communications Atomic-scale regulation of anionic and cationic migration in alkali metal batteries

The lithium metal disk (purity: 99.9%, diameter: 16 mm, thickness: 0.6 mm) was obtained from SCI Materials Hub.

9. Chemical Engineering Journal Zinc-based energy storage with functionalized carbon nanotube/polyaniline nanocomposite cathodes

CNTs were purchased from SCI Materials Hub.

10. ACS Nano Interfacial Chemistry Modulation via Amphoteric Glycine for a Highly Reversible Zinc Anode

Zn foil (>99.99%, 100 μm) was purchased from SCI Materials Hub.

11. ACS Nano High-Energy and Long-Lived Zn–MnO2 Battery Enabled by a Hydrophobic-Ion-Conducting Membrane

Zn foil (99.9%), carbon paper, and carbon felt were obtained from SCI Materials Hub.

12. Nature Communications Unravelling rechargeable zinc-copper batteries by a chloride shuttle in a biphasic electrolyte

Carbon cloth (CeTech W0S1011), PP membrane (Celgard 2300), Glass fiber (Whatman GF/A), anion exchange membrane (Fumasep FAB-PK-130), and cation exchange membrane (Nafion N-117) were purchased from sci materials hub.

13. PROCEEDINGS OF SPIE A dendrite-free and corrosion-suppressive metallic Zn anode regulated by the hybrid aqueous/organic electrolyte

Zn foil (99.9%, 100 μm thickness) was obtained from the SCI Materials Hub.

14. Journal of Alloys and Compounds Cr-induced enhancement of structural stability in δ-MnO2 for aqueous Zn-ion batteries

The Zn sheet (99.99%) and Whatman GF/D paper were available for purchase on on the SCI Materials Hub.

15. Small Multifunctional Umbrella: In Situ Interface Film Forming on the High-Voltage LiCoO2 Cathode by a Tiny Amount of Nanoporous Polymer Additives for High-Energy-Density Li-Ion Batteries

Carbon coating aluminum foils with a thickness of 16 µm were acquired from SCI Materials Hub.

16. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Investigation into electrochemical catalytic properties and electronic structure of Mn doped SrCoO3 perovskite catalysts

KB-EC600JD superconducting carbon black was obtained from SCI Materials Hub.


1. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy Gold as an efficient hydrogen isotope separation catalyst in proton exchange membrane water electrolysis

The cathodic catalysts of Pt/C (20 wt%, 2–3 nm) and Au/C (20 wt%, 4–5 nm) were purchased from SCI Materials Hub.

2. Small Science Silver Compositing Boosts Water Electrolysis Activity and Durability of RuO2 in a Proton-Exchange-Membrane Water Electrolyzer

Two fiber felts (0.35 mm thickness, SCI Materials Hub) were used as the porous transport layers at both the cathode and the anode.

3. Advanced Functional Materials Hierarchical Crystalline/Amorphous Heterostructure MoNi/NiMoOx for Electrochemical Hydrogen Evolution with Industry-Level Activity and Stability

Anion-exchange membrane (FAA-3-PK-130) was obtained from SCI Materials Hub.

4. Chemical Engineering Journal Electronic configuration of single ruthenium atom immobilized in urchin-like tungsten trioxide towards hydrazine oxidation-assisted hydrogen evolution under wide pH media

The non-reinforced anion exchange membrane (AEM) of the coupled system was obtained from SCI Materials Hub (Fumasep FAA-3-50).

5. Cell Reports Physical Science Non-layered dysprosium oxysulfide as an electron-withdrawing chainmail for promoting electrocatalytic oxygen evolution

Nickel foam (NF) was offered by SCI Materials Hub (Wuhu, China), and was ultrasonicated in HCl solution, ethanol, and acetone in proper order before being used in electrochemical measurements.

6. Materials Today Catalysis Valence engineering via double exchange interaction in spinel oxides for enhanced oxygen evolution catalysis

Commercial Cu foam was purchased from SCI Materials Hub.

7. Advanced Functional Materials Elucidating the Critical Role of Ruthenium Single Atom Sites in Water Dissociation and Dehydrogenation Behaviors for Robust Hydrazine Oxidation-Boosted Alkaline Hydrogen Evolution

The nonreinforced anion exchange membrane (AEM) of the HzOR-assisted OWS system was purchased from SCI Materials Hub (Fumasep FAA-3-50).

8. ACS Omega Boosting Hydrogen Evolution through the Interface Effects of Amorphous NiMoO4–MoO2 and Crystalline Cu

Pt/C (20 wt %) was purchased from SCI Materials Hub.

9. SSRN The Dual Active Sites Reconstruction on Gelatin In-Situ Derived 3d Porous N-Doped Carbon for Efficient and Stable Water Splitting

Nafion D521 was purchased from SCI Materials Hub.

10. Molecules Interfacial Interaction in NiFe LDH/NiS2/VS2 for Enhanced Electrocatalytic Water Splitting

Carbon cloth (SCI Materials Hub) were employed as substrates for the in-situ formation of VS2 and NiS2/VS2 on its surface via hydrothermal synthesis.

11. Chemical Engineering Journal Mapping hydrogen evolution activity trends of V-based A15 superconducting alloys

Carbon fiber paper (GDS250) was obtained from the SCI materials Hub.

12. Advanced Science A Dual-Cation Exchange Membrane Electrolyzer for Continuous H2 Production from Seawater

The CEMs include GORE-SELECT Gore M788.12(W. L. Gore & Associates, America) and FUMA Fumasep FKB-PK-130 (FuMa Tech., Co., Ltd., Germany) were provided by SCI Materials Hub.

13. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. Electrolysis of Tertiary Water Effluents - a Pathway to Green Hydrogen

The PEM electrolyzer stack PSC2000 was purchased from the SCI Materials Hub with a maximum hydrogen production capability of 2000 mL/min. The stack had 8 electrolysis cells with a maximum recommended operation current of 36 A and a voltage of 24 V. Its membrane electrode assembly had an effective area of 56 cm2 per layer and a catalyst loading of 4.0 mg/cm2 on Nafion 117 for Ir black as anode and Pt/C as cathode, respectively. The catalysts were deposited on the Nafion membrane to form a catalyst-coated membrane. Titanium bipolar plates were used to construct the electrolyzer. Water is supplied to the anode side of the electrolyzer stack during operation.

14. Adv. Energy Mater. High-Efficiency Iridium-Yttrium Alloy Catalyst for Acidic Water Electrolysis

Carbon paper (Toray TGP-H-060) was purchased from the SCI Materials Hub.

15. SSRN Amorphous/Crystalline Nife Ldh Hierarchical Nanostructure for Large-Current-Density Electrocatalytic Water Oxidation

The commercial NiFe foam (NFF) was offered by SCI Materials Hub.

16. Nanoscale Modulating the electronic structure of VS2 via Ru decoration for efficient pH-universal electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction

W0S1009 Carbon cloth (CC, SCI Materials Hub) were employed as substrate for the in-situ formation of Ru-VS2 and VS2 on its surface via hydrothermal synthesis.

17. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science The dual active sites reconstruction on gelatin in-situ derived 3D porous N-doped carbon for efficient and stable overall water splitting

Nafion D521 was purchased from SCI Materials Hub.


1. Polymer Sub-two-micron ultrathin proton exchange membrane with reinforced mechanical strength

Gas diffusion electrode (60% Pt/C, Carbon paper) was purchased from SCI Materials Hub.

2. Polymer Development of rigid side-chain poly(ether sulfone)s based anion exchange membrane with multiple annular quaternary ammonium ion groups for fuel cells

Fumion FAA-3-solut-10 was obtained from SCI Materials Hub.

3. Journal of Power Sources Boosting the power density of the H3PO4/polybenzimidazole high-temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cell to >1.2 W cm-2 via the deposition of acid-based polymer layers on the catalyst layers

PBI resin (molecular weight: 60000, SCI Materials Hub), carbon paper 39BB (SGL Carbon), 70 wt% Pt/C (TANAKA) were obtained from SCI Materials Hub.

4. SSRN Bulky and Rigid Spiro-Adamantane-Fluorene Unit Promoted Microphase Separation in Di-Cation Side Chain Grafted Anion Exchange Membrane

Fumasep FAA-3-20 was obtained from SCI Materials Hub.

5. ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng. Vanadium-Mediated High Areal Capacity Zinc–Manganese Redox Flow Battery

Zinc plate (thickness 1 mm), copper foam (thickness 1.5 mm), and Ketjenblack (KB) EC-600JD were procured from SCI materials hub.

6. ACS Appl. Energy Mater. Investigation of Pd2B- and NiB-Doped Pd–Ni/C Electrocatalysts with High Activity for Methanol Oxidation

Nafion solution (5 wt %, DuPont) was purchased from SCI Materials Hub.


1. J. Chem. Eng. Superior Efficiency Hydrogen Peroxide Production in Acidic Media through Epoxy Group Adjacent to Co-O/C Active Centers on Carbon Black

In this paper, Vulcan XC 72 carbon black, ion membrane (Nafion N115, 127 μL), Nafion solution (D520, 5 wt%), and carbon paper (AvCarb GDS 2230 and Spectracarb 2050A-1050) were purchased from SCI Materials Hub.

2. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science Gaining insight into the impact of electronic property and interface electrostatic field on ORR kinetics in alloy engineering via theoretical prognostication and experimental validation

The 20 wt% Pt3M (M = Cr, Co, Cu, Pd, Sn, and Ir) were purchased from SCI Materials Hub. This work places emphasis on the kinetics of the ORR concerning Pt3M (M = Cr, Co, Cu, Pd, Sn, and Ir) catalysts, and integrates theoretical prognostication and experimental validation to illuminate the fundamental principles of alloy engineering.

3. Catalysis Solution-Phase Synthesis of Co-N-C Catalysts Using Alkali Metals-Induced N-C Templates with Metal Vacancy-Nx sites

In this paper, PtRu-C (60 % PtRu (3.5nm) on High Surface Area Carbon, Pt:Ru = 1:1, SCI Materials Hub), an alkaline dispersion (PiperION-A5-HCO3-EtOH, 5 wt.%, SCI Materials Hub), anion exchange membrane (PiperION-A type-HCO3, SCI Materials Hub) were used as received.

4. Green Chemistry Low Cell Voltage Electrosynthesis of Hydrogen Peroxide

The proton exchange membranes (Nafion-117, 211, and 212) were from SCI Materials Hub. They were pre-treated by 5 v/v% H2O2 solution for 1 h at 80°C and then treated by 10 v/v% H2SO4 aqueous solution for 1 h at 80°C before assembling to flow cell reactor.


1. Journal of Energy Storage Unraveling the detrimental crosstalk between cathode and anode in the aqueous asymmetric capacitor of activated carbon /copper oxide

In this paper, Fumasep FAA-3-50 anion exchange membrane (Thickness 50 μm, surface resistance 0.6–1.5 Ω cm−2, transference number 92–96 %) was bought from SCI Materials Hub.


1. Nature Communications Electrosynthesis of polymer-grade ethylene via acetylene semihydrogenation over undercoordinated Cu nanodots

In this paper, activated carbon (Vulcan XC-72) was obtained from SCI Materials Hub.


1. Water Research Electro-peroxone with solid polymer electrolytes: A novel system for degradation of plasticizers in natural effluents

In this paper, Nafion® N324 (SCI Materials Hub), between a 15 cm2 (3 cm × 5 cm) graphite plate anode and a graphite felt cathode (EP-SPE system)


1. Chemical Engineering Journal Electrochemical reconstitution of Prussian blue analogue for coupling furfural electro-oxidation with photo-assisted hydrogen evolution reaction

An Au nanoparticle film was deposited on the total reflecting plane of a single reflection ATR crystal (SCI Materials Hub, Wuhu, China) via sputter coater.


1. Sustainable Energy & Fuels A desulfurization fuel cell with alkali and sulfuric acid byproducts: a prototype and a model

A Fumasep®FKD-PK-75 membrane was used as the cation exchange membrane, in which the the oxygen permeability of membrane was about 1 cm3(STP)/(s cm2 cm Hg) [Ref. SCI Materials Hub]


1. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics Preparation and application of electrical conductive composites with skin temperature-triggered attachable and on-demand detachable adhesion

Carbon black (CB, Ketjenblack EC 600JD) was purchased from SCI Materials Hub.


1. Acta Materialia In situ epitaxial thickening of wafer-scale, highly oriented nanotwinned Ag on tailored polycrystalline Cu substrates

Single-crystal Cu (1 cm × 1 cm) substrates with a (111) orientation were purchased from SCI Materials Hub (www.scimaterials.cn).